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Data science

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Definition Edit

Data science is "the extraction of actionable knowledge directly from data through a process of discovery, or hypothesis formulation and hypothesis testing."[1]

Overview Edit

"Data science combines various technologies, techniques, and theories from various fields, mostly related to computer science and statistics, to obtain actionable knowledge from data."[2]

These techniques and theories come from many fields, including signal processing, mathematics, probability models, machine learning, statistical learning, computer programming, data engineering, pattern recognition and learning, visualization, uncertainty modeling, data warehousing, and high performance computing with the goal of extracting meaning from data and creating data products. The subject is not restricted to only big data, although the fact that data is scaling up makes big data an important aspect of data science.

"Data science across the entire data life cycle incorporates principles, techniques, and methods from many disciplines and domains including data cleansing, data management, analytics, visualization, engineering, and in the context of Big Data, now also includes Big Data Engineering."[3]

"In its purest form, data science is the fourth paradigm of science, following experiment, theory, and computational sciences. The fourth paradigm is a term coined by Dr. Jim Gray in 2007."[4]

References Edit

  1. NIST Big Data Interoperability Framework, Vol. 1, at 7.
  2. Id. at vii.
  3. Id. at 8.
  4. Id. at 7.


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