Center for Strategic and International Studies, Task Force on Information Warfare & Information Assurance (IW/IA), Cybercrime, Cyberterrorism, Cyberwarfare, Averting an Electronic Waterloo (1998) (not available online).
The information revolution has produced an unprecedented security risk — strategic information warfare (SIW), conducted with weapons of mass disruption. It involves coordinated, systematic attacks through computer networks, communications systems, and databases.
This report outlines how U.S. policymakers are responding to this 21st century threat with 20th century thinking. The strategic information warfare menace requires U.S. leaders, both in the public and private sectors, to reexamine their most basic assumptions about national security and emergency preparedness.