Definition Edit

Cyber electromagnetic activities

consist of two lines of effort: cyberspace operations and electronic warfare (EW), supported by electromagnetic spectrum operations. . . . The electromagnetic spectrum is essential for communications, lethality, sensors, and self-protection. The cyberspace line of effort aims to achieve objectives in and through cyberspace. The EW line of effort aims to control the electromagnetic spectrum or to attack the enemy. These lines of effort may rely on the same information-related capabilities to accomplish these effects, so planners must synchronize and integrate them closely to ensure unity of effort in words, images, and actions. Components of the cyberspace line of effort include cyber situational awareness, network operations, and cyber warfare. These components integrate with the divisions of the EW line of effort — electronic attack, electronic protection, and electronic warfare support. Components of both lines of effort integrate with electromagnetic spectrum operations.[1]

References Edit

  1. FM 3-36, at E-1.

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