The Cyber Terror Response Center (CTRC) is the Korean National Police Agency (KNPA) division in charge of cyber terror and cyber-related crimes. It commands and controls the entire cybercrime investigation and forensics teams nationwide. The director of the CTRC is appointed by the commissioner general of the KNPA. Since its establishment in 2000, the CTRC has led the investigation of numerous cybercrime cases; including massive denial-of-service attacks (DDoS) attacks from North Korea. The CTRC is also leading the digital forensics development in Korea via its strong partnership with the private sector, as well as its own programs to nurture professional researchers and examiners.