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A continuity of operations plan (COOP) is a
|“||predetermined set of instructions or procedures that describe how an organization’s essential functions will be sustained for up to 30 days as a result of a disaster event before returning to normal operations."||”|
|“||[p]lan for continuing an organization's (usually a headquarters element) essential functions at an alternate site and performing those functions for the duration of an event with little or no loss of continuity before returning to normal operations.||”|
|“||plan that provides for the continuity of essential functions of an organization in the event that an emergency prevents occupancy of its primary facility. It provides the organization with an operational framework for continuing its essential functions when normal operations are disrupted or otherwise cannot be conducted from its primary facility.||”|
COOP focuses on restoring an organization’s mission-essential functions (MEF) at an alternate site and performing those functions for up to 30 days before returning to normal operations. Additional functions may be addressed by a BCP. Minor threats or disruptions that do not require relocation to an alternate site are typically not addressed in a COOP plan.
Standard elements of a COOP plan include:
- Program plans and procedures
- Continuity communications
- Risk management
- Vital records management
- Budgeting and acquisition of resources
- Human capital
- Essential functions
- Test, training, and exercise
- Order of succession
- Delegation of authority
- Reconstitution, and
- Continuity facilities.
Critical infrastructure protection Edit
The Contingency Planning and Incident Management Division (CPIMD) of the Office of Infrastructure Protection (OIP) plans and manages OIP’s COOP activities in order to ensure that OIP can continue to perform its essential functions in the event of an incident requiring the closure of all or part of OIP facilities.
- ↑ NIST Special Publication 800-34.
- ↑ CNSSI 4009.
- ↑ DHS Sensitive Systems Policy Directive 4300A, at 5.