In 1993, President Clinton formed the Information Infrastructure Task Force (IITF) to develop and implement the Administration's National Information Infrastructure Initiative. The Working Group on Intellectual Property Rights was established by the IITF to examine the need for changes in intellectual property laws to deal with the growth of cyberspace. The Working Group held the Conference on Fair Use (CONFU) in September 1994 to study the impact that new technologies may have on the fair use provisions of the Copyright Act, and to make recommendations.
The purpose of the conference was to bring together copyright owner and user interests to discuss fair use issues and, if possible, to develop guidelines for uses of copyrighted works by librarians and educators. Some 60 interest groups participanted in the Conference.