The Computer Science and Telecommunications Board (CSTB) was established in 1986 to provide independent advice to the federal government on technical and public policy issues relating to computing and communications. It is composed of leaders in the information technology and complementary fields from industry and academia. CSTB conducts studies of critical national issues that recommend actions or changes in actions by government, industry, academic researchers, and the larger nonprofit sector. CSTB also provides a neutral meeting ground for consideration of complex issues where resolution and action may be premature. CSTB is an operating unit within the National Research Council (NRC).