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In October 1998 the Commission on Online Child Protection (known as the COPA Commission) was established by the Child Online Protection Act to study technologies and methods to help reduce access by children to material on the Web that is harmful to minors. The Commission was composed of 16 industry members appointed by the Republican and Democratic congressional leaders plus one ex officio representative each from the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and Departments of Commerce and Justice.
The Commission studied a variety of child-protective technologies and methods, including filtering and blocking services; labeling and rating systems; age verification efforts; the possibility of a new top-level domain for harmful to minors material; “green" spaces containing only child-appropriate materials; Internet monitoring and time-limiting technologies; acceptable use policies and family contracts; online resources providing access to protective technologies and methods; and options for increased prosecution against illegal online material.
The Commission issued its report on October 20, 2000. The report did not make recommendations for new legislation. It surveyed various technologies and other means by which children's access to certain materials on the Internet can be restricted, concluding that no single solution exists. Recommendations focused on the need for public education, consumer empowerment efforts, vigorous enforcement of existing laws, and voluntary industry actions.