Civil Asset Forfeiture Reform Act of 2000 (CAFRA), Pub. L. No. 106-185, 114 Stat. 202 (2000).
The Act was intended to improve the federal government's ability to prosecute organized crime cases. It places new burdens and time limits on the government, creates a uniform "innocent owner" defense, allows claimants to recover interest and attorneys' fees, expands forfeiture into new areas, resolves ambiguities and issues that have split the courts, and gives the government new procedural tools to enhance its ability to use asset forfeiture as a weapon against crime. It applies to all civil forfeiture proceedings commenced on or after August 23, 2000.
- Stefan D. Cassella, The Civil Asset Forfeiture Reform Act of 2000 (full-text).