Causation is the "causal relationship between conduct and result." That is to say that causation provides a means of connecting conduct with a resulting effect, typically an injury.
In criminal law, it is defined as the actus reus (an action) from which the specific injury or other effect arose and is combined with mens rea (a state of mind) to comprise the elements of guilt. Causation is only applicable where a result has been achieved and therefore is immaterial with regard to inchoate offenses.
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