|“||a collection of wires or optical fibers bound together and used as a conduit for components and devices to communicate or transfer data.||”|
While the coaxial or cable network was originally engineered and designed for the transmission of video to residential subscribers, there is a large available spectrum in traditional coaxial and hybrid fiber coaxial cable to support broadband requirements. In addition, newer compression technologies such as MPEG-4 have made it possible to fit a 20 Mbps video stream into 8 or 9 Mbps. Changes and upgrades to the underlying cable protocol, DOCSIS, which can increase speeds up to 150 Mbps and beyond, have provided additional bandwidth. Providers are transitioning to a protocol that will increase their ability to provide more symmetrical upstream and downstream speeds, a key component as user-generated content increases.