A breadcrumb (or breadcrumb trail or cookie crumb)
|“||[is] a navigation aid used in user interfaces. It gives users a way to keep track of their locations within programs or documents. The term comes from the trail of breadcrumbs left by Hansel and Gretel in the popular fairytale.||”|
|“||displays the original query in quotation marks to provide a trail for the consumer to follow back to the original search.||”|
Breadcrumbs typically appear horizontally across the top of a web page, usually below title bars or headers. They provide links back to each previous page the user navigated through to get to the current page or — in hierarchical site structures — the parent pages of the current one.
Breadcrumbs provide a trail for the user to follow back to the starting or entry point. A greater-than sign (>) often serves as hierarchy separator, although designers may use other glyphs (such as »), as well as various graphical treatments.
Typical breadcrumbs look like this:
- Home page > Section page > Subsection page
There are three types of web breadcrumbs:
- Path: path breadcrumbs are dynamic and show the path that the user has taken to arrive at a page.
- Location: location breadcrumbs are static and show where the page is located in the website hierarchy.
- Attribute: attribute breadcrumbs give information that categorizes the current page.
Location breadcrumbs are not necessarily appropriate for sites whose content is so rich that single categories do not fully describe a particular piece of content. This is a common situation in sites employing a search-base navigation paradigm (for example, Amazon.com).
Global positioning system (GPS) Edit
Advanced GPS tools may keep track of the motion of a GPS navigation device bearer by recording the positions of the traveler at specified time moments and presenting them at a GPS display as a "breadcrumb trail" of position markers.
- ↑ Multi Time Machine, Inc. v. Amazon.com, 2013 WL 638888, at *1 (C.D. Cal. Feb. 20, 2013),
- ↑ See Breadcrumb navigation increasingly useful.
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