Dana A. Shea, Balancing Scientific Publication and National Security Concerns: Issues for Congress (CRS Report RL31695) (July 9, 2003) (full-text).
This report presents examples of scientific research results whose publication raised concern regarding the threat they potentially posed to national security. Past and current information control mechanisms are discussed, along with current federal policy concerning dissemination of fundamental research results through the open literature. Recent policy actions regarding dissemination of federal information and federally funded research results are outlined, along with the responses these actions have evoked from various professional societies and publishers. The advantages and disadvantages to potential policy actions addressing classification and other controls over open publication of federally funded research results are also described.