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Artifact

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Definitions Edit

Broadcasting Edit

An artifact is

[a]n audio or video error or defect introduced during the processing or transmission of a TV signal.[1]

Computing Edit

An artifact is an undesirable flaw or distortion in digital reproductions produced during capture or data processing. Some common forms of image artifacts include noise, chromatic aberration, blooming, interpolation, and imperfections created by compression, among others. In digital sound recordings, the effect of lossy compression is often cited as accounting for audible artifacts, although several other types of artifacts may also be present.

An artifact is

any object, or work product that is developed as a component of the enterprise architecture. Artifacts include trends, principles, mission, goals, objectives, strategies, capabilities, processes, process steps, entities, attributes, relationships, subject areas, application components, applications, databases, etc.[2]

Data Edit

An artifact is

[a] piece of digital information. An artifact may be any size, and may be composed of other artifacts.[3]
[a]ny tangible and potentially reusable document or output pertaining to an existing or potential information exchange.[4]
[a]n abstract representation of some aspect of an existing or to-be-built system, component, or view. Examples of individual artifacts are a graphical model, structured model, tabular data, and structured or unstructured narrative. Individual artifacts may be aggregated.[5]

References Edit

  1. The Big Picture: HDTV and High-Resolution Systems, at 106.
  2. California Technology Agency, Enterprise Architecture Glossary 1 (Apr. 2011) (full-text).
  3. Web Services Glossary (Nov. 2, 2004).
  4. IJIS Institute, Information Sharing Glossary.
  5. A Practical Guide to Federal Enterprise Architecture, at 67, App. B, Glossary.

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