Applied research is
|| [the] systematic study to gain knowledge or understanding necessary to determine the means by which a recognized and specific need may be met.
|| original investigation undertaken in order to acquire new knowledge. It is . . . directed primarily towards a specific practical aim or objective.
|| work performed to gain the understanding needed to meet a particular need; it is often called problem-oriented research.
In industry, applied research includes investigations to discover new scientific knowledge that has specific commercial objectives with respect to products, processes, or services.
- ↑ National Science Board, Globalization of Science and Engineering Research 9 (2010) (full-text); Office of Management and Budget Circular No. A–11, at Section 84, page 11.
- ↑ Frascati Manual, at 30, ¶64.
- ↑ Making IT Better: Expanding Information Technology Research to Meet Society's Needs, at 27.