Definitions Edit

General Edit

Allocation is the process of assigning a set of resources for a particular project.

Information security Edit

Allocation is

[t]he process an organization employs to determine whether security controls are defined as system-specific, hybrid, or common.[1]
[t]he process an organization employs to assign security controls to specific information system components responsible for providing a particular security capability (e.g., router, server, remote sensor).[2]

IP addresses Edit

Allocation refers to

the range of addresses made available to a Local Internet Registry (LIR) that in turn is used by the LIR to make address space assignments to End Users or to the LIR's own network.[3]

Law enforcement Edit

Allocation is the

[c]ollection and analysis of information that shows relationships among varied individuals suspected of being involved in criminal activity that may provide insight into the criminal operation and which investigative strategies might work best.[4]

Telecommunications Edit


involves segmenting the radio spectrum into bands of frequencies that are designated for use by particular types of radio services or classes of users.[5]
[t]he designation of a band of frequencies to a specific radio service or services. Allocations are made internationally at World Administrative Radio Conferences and are incorporated into the international Table of Frequency Allocations. International allocations are usually, but not always, incorporated into domestic frequency tables.[6]

Overview (Telecommunications) Edit

"For example, the frequency bands between 88 and 108 MHz are allocated to FM radio broadcasting in the United States, while frequency bands between 300 and 322 MHz are government exclusive bands allocated for mobile, mobile satellite, and fixed radio use. In addition to allocation, NTIA and FCC also specify service rules, which include the technical and operating characteristics of equipment."[7]

Allocations are made internationally at World Radiocommunication Conferences and are incorporated into the international Table of Frequency Allocations. Domestic allocations are made by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) and the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA).

References Edit

  1. Glossary of Key Information Security Terms, at 8.
  2. NIST Special Publication 800-37.
  3. OECD, Internet Address Space: Economic Considerations in the Management of IPv4 and the Deployment of IPv6, at 51 (June 17-18, 2008).
  4. Baseline Capabilities for State and Major Urban Area Fusion Centers, at 43.
  5. Spectrum Management: NTIA Planning and Processes Need Strengthening to Promote the Efficient Use of Spectrum by Federal Agencies, at 6 n.10.
  6. The 1992 World Administrative Radio Conference: Technology and Policy Implications, at 180.
  7. Id.

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