The Air Force Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Agency (AFISRA) (formerly AIA) is a field operating agency subordinate to the Deputy Chief of Staff, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (AF/A2). AFISRA organizes, trains, equips, presents, and integrates all-source intelligence (e.g., signals intelligence (SIGINT), geospatial intelligence (GEOINT), measurement and signature intelligence, human intelligence, etc.) and full-spectrum capabilities to the intelligence community and to JFCs through the COMAFFOR.
It provides customers at all echelons with multi-source intelligence products, applications, and services and provides intelligence expertise in the areas of SIGINT, IO (including information protection), acquisition, foreign weapons systems and technology, and treaty monitoring.
In relation to cyberspace, AFISRA serves as the Air Force Service cryptologic component to the National Security Agency/Central Security Service (NSA/CSS), which authorizes SIGINT operations under Title 50, United States Code (U.S.C.). While NSA-derived analytic work roles are essential to cyber operations, employing full-spectrum cyber effects requires a multi-INT analysis approach. To enable 24th Air Force (AFCYBER) operations, AFISRA provides all-source cyber-focused ISR including digital network analysis to 24th Air Force through the 659th ISR Group. This support is generally characterized within five cyber-focused ISR areas: current intelligence and reporting, indications and warning, threat attribution and characterization, IPOE, and computer network exploitation.