Factual Background Edit
Trial Court Proceedings Edit
The court noted that while there is software available to assist sight-impaired users in turning text into voice dictation, there are no standards for such software, and therefore, not every website will be accessible, even if the website operator implements some version of assistive software. The plaintiffs maintain that the web site is inaccessible to plaintiffs using a screen reader, does not provide “alternative text” which can be read by a screen reader, does not provide online forms that can be filled out by a sight-impaired user and does not provide a "skip navigation link" which assist blind users by permitting them to skip the navigation bars and proceed directly to the main content.
The court ruled that a "place of public accommodation" is limited to "physical, concrete places of public accommodation," not to cyberspace. "To expand the ADA to cover 'virtual' spaces would be to create new rights without well-defined standards."