Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive, 1995 Annual Report to Congress on Foreign Economic and Industrial Espionage (full-text).
Section 809 of the Intelligence Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 required that the President report to the Congress on foreign industrial espionage targeted against U.S. industry. This report describes the "defensive" measures that the U.S. Government applies to counter foreign collection of U.S. economic-related intelligence and information. It also lists the U.S. targets of foreign economic collection and the methods foreign governments and corporations use to obtain U.S. economic and technological information, including at times U.S. Government information that directly affects U.S. industry. This study does not address the concept of the U.S. Government "offensively" collecting foreign proprietary information and providing it to U.S. firms, which is against U.S. policy.