1990 Defense Authorization Act, Pub. L. No. 101-189.
The Act extended the authority to enter into cooperative research and development agreements (CRADAs) with universities and the private sector to government-owned, contractor-operated (GOCO) laboratories (generally the laboratories of the Department of Energy).
In the case of government-owned, contractor-operated laboratories, the Act required the establishment of conflict of interest provisions regarding CRADAs to be included in the laboratories’ operating contracts within 150 days of enactment of the law. Preference for cooperative ventures is given to small businesses, companies which will manufacture in the United States, or foreign firms from countries that permit American companies to enter into similar arrangements.